[ID:4-6533150] 通用版高中英语 状语从句-课件(48张ppt)
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(共48张PPT) 句子 简单句 并列句 复合句 复合句 名词性从句 主语从句 宾语从句 表语从句 同位语从句 定语从句 状语从句 定义: 在复合句中由从句表示的状语称作状语从句,它可以用来修饰谓语(包括非谓语动词)、定语或状语,或是整个句子。 从属连词 用来连接两个句子、且一个句子从属于另一个句子(即从句)的连词。这类连词叫从属连词。从属连词主要用于引导各种状语从句。 状语从句 时间状语从句 原因状语从句 条件状语从句 让步状语从句 目的状语从句 结果状语从句 地点状语从句 比较状语从句 方式状语从句 时间状语从句 when,while,as,since,before,after, until,till, once,as soon as,every time, hardly..when, no sooner... than, the moment, immediately * when/while/as 1. ______ time went on, things began to change. 2.She thought I was talking ahout her daughter,______ ,in fact ,I was talking about my daughter. 3. ______ I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the person. 4.I was walking along the road _______ suddenly someone patted me on the shoulder from behind. 5. The students sang _______ they went along. when As while While as 一边...一边 :and then:正在…的时候,突然… 随着... 表对比:而 表让步:虽然 6.Strike _______ the iron is hot. 7. _____ a child,he lived in the countryside. 8. Be careful ___________ crossing the steet. while As when/while as+n.=when... 1).Turn off the light _______ you leave the classroom. 2).Someone called me up in the middle of the night but they hung up ________ I could answer the phone. 3).It won’t be long _______he finishes his writing. It will be/was+一段时间+before…: It will be/was not+一段时间+before… * before before before :在......之前 :还未来得及...就...,不等...就... before :不多久就... :还要过...才... finishes * after After he finished his work,he left there. He finished his work before he left there. After finishing his work,he left there. * since I ___________ (know)him since he was a boy. 自从他参军以来已有两年了. It is (has been)two years since he joined the army. : conj&prep. have known * until (till) He waited until/till his mother came back. He will not go to bed until(till) his mother comes. Not until all the fish died in the river _____________________ (村民才意识到) how serious the pollution was. It wasn’t until all the fish died in the river that the villagers realized how... did the villagers realize (肯定句):(一直)...为止 (否定句):直到...才 * as soon as:一…就… 他一到达就打电话给我. He telephoned me as soon as he arrived. the moment/instant/minute; immediately/directly; _______ his arrival he telephoned me. hardly...when... ;no sooner... than... I had no sooner got home than it began to rain. No sooner had I got home than it began to rain. On every time,each time:每次... Every time/each time I come, he is reading. once:一旦...就... 她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变. Once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it. 原因状语从句 because, since, as, now that Because he was ill,he didn’t go to school. He didn’t go to school because of his illness. He was ill,so he didn’t go to school. Being ill, he didn’t go to school. since=now that Now that class is over,let’s go to play football. 既然 as常用于表示十分明显的原因,重点放在主句上,语气较弱,常译成“由于”. As it’s getting darker, we must go home now. He must be ill, for he is absent today. 条件状语从句 if,unless,so/as long as, in case,on condition that if If you work harder,you will succeed. Work harder, and you will succeed. Work harder,or you won’t succeed. Working harder,you will succeed. unless Unless he comes, we won’t be able to go. If he doesn’t come,we won’t be able to go. :if... not 除非 * as/so long as(只要 ) You may borrow the book as long as you keep it clean. * in case(万一) Send us a message in case you have any difficulty. *on condition that(条件是) We’ll let you use the room on condition that you keep it tidy. 地点状语从句 where where Where there is a will, there is a way. Where there is smoke, there is fire. 无风不起浪. 青年人应该去最需要他们的地方. Young people should go where they are most needed. Young people should go to the place where they are most needed. :在...地方 定语从句 让步状语从句 as,although,though,whether,even if/though, no matter who/when/what..., however, whatever... 让步状语从句 :表示“虽然”、“尽管”、“即使” Although(Though) he is old ,he works hard. He is old,but he works hard. Old as he is ,he works hard. 用as 引导的让步状语从句用倒装语序,即把从句中的表语、状语或动词原形放在as前面. adj./n./adv./v. +as +主语+其他成分 Much as I like it ,I won’t buy it. Try as you may, you will never succeed. *Even though (even if) you say so,I don’t believe it. You’ll have to attend the ceremony whether you are busy or not. Whenever(No matter when) you come to our country,you will be warmly welcomed. However late / no matter how late he is, his mother will wait for him to have dinner together. 即使 in spite of; despite;regardless of :prep. + n. He went out in spite of the fact that he had a bad cold He went out in spite of the cold. 目的状语从句 so that, in order that 以便/为了 从句中常常使用一些情态动词,如:can, could, may, might, should等 He got up early so that he could catch the train. =He got up early to/in order to/so as to catch the train. 以防: in case; for fear (that) 你最好带上你的伞,以防下雨 You’d better take your umbrella with you in case/for fear (that) you rains. 结果状语从句 so that; so /such … that 太...以至于...,如此...以至于... We turned up the radio so that everyone could hear the news. We turned up the radio, so that everyone heard the news. 目的状语从句 结果状语从句 结果状语从句: such + a/an+adj.+单数名词 +that clause such+adj.+n.s/n.[u] +that... such+many/much/few/little+n(s).+that... so +adj.(+a/an+单数名词)+that clause so+adv.+that clause She told us such an interesting story that we all forgot about the time. She told us so interesting an story that we all forgot about the time. He is such a clever boy ______ we all like him. He is such a clever boy ______ we all like . that as 结果状语从句 定语从句 比较状语从句 (as)...as,than, the more...the more 比较状语从句 He doesn’t work so hard as you do. Gold is much heavier than any other metal. The more he listened to that song, the less he enjoyed it. 方式状语从句 as;as if/though 方式状语从句 * as:按照...,如...,随... Do in Rome as the Romans do. I have changed it as you are suggested. Leave things as they are. 维持原状好了. * as if/though:好像是...,似乎是... He talks as if he knew all about it. 一. 状语从句的时态问题 1、The football match will be put off if it _________ (rain) 2. He will go with you as soon as he ________ (finish)his homework. 3. He ________________ (get) to the station than the train left.(他一到达车站火车就开走了) 在条件,时间和让步从句中,用一般现在时表示一般将来时. rains finishes had no sooner got 二. 状语从句的倒装和省略 __________________,(虽然他聪明),he doesn’t study well. So clever _________ (he ,be) that we all like him. Though________ (praise), she was still very modest. 4. _____________ (如果有必要), you may keep the book for another week. is he Clever as he is praised If necessary Exercise 1.I didn’t manage to do it ______ you had explained how. 2.The man has to wait all day ______ the doctor works faster. 3.John may phone tonight. I don’t want to go out _________ he phones. 4.You should make it a rule to leave things ______ you can find them again. 5.The research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time _______ we meet them again. until where in case unless before 6.______________________ the Internet is of great help, I don’t think it’s a good idea to spend too much time on it. 7.Roses need special care ___________ they can live through winter. 8.The WTO cannot live up to its name _____ it doesn’t include a country that is home to one fifth of mankind. 9.____________ you’ve got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. 10.We’ll have to finish the job, ________________(不管它要花费多长时间) Though/Although/While so that if Since/Now that however long it takes 11.________ the day went on,the weather got worse. 12.---- I’m going to the post officw. ---- _______ you’re there,can you get me some stamps. 13.Take the medicine _________you go to bed. 14. It is more than five years _____we started to learn English. As while before since Homework 基础写作:Jane 的朋友Alice来信说,她因为没有得到提升而感到灰心丧气.假如你是Jane,请给 Alice写一回信,内容包括: 1.直到我读了你的信后才知道事情的真实情况,因为自从我们分开以后就没再见面了; 2.既然大家很忙,那我就只能给你写封短信了; 3.你尽管很努力工作,但是仍没有得到提升的事实并不表明你表现不好; 4.无论发生什么事情,我们都不应该丧失希望; 5.事实上,你越努力工作,你得到的就会越多; 6.随着时间的流逝,我们应对自己周围的事物有了更好的理解. December 26,2019 Dear Alice, How nice to hear from you!... ...Don’t forget come and see me next time you come to Jieyan. Best wishes. Yours, Jane December 26,2018 Dear Alice, How nice to hear from you! Not until I read your letter did I know the true state affairs,for we haven’t seen each other since we parted. Now that we are all busy, I just have to drop a few lines to you. The fact that you were not promoted although you worked hard didn’t show you didn’t perform well. So whatever happens, we shall never lose heart and in fact, the harder you work, the more you will get. As time goes by, we should have a better understanding of things around us. Don’t forget to come and see me next time you come to Jieyan. 1.时间状语从句 when,while,as,since,before,after,as soon as,once,every time, until,till,hardly..when, no sooner... than,the moment, immediately 2.原因状语从句 because,since,as,now that 3.条件状语从句 if,unless,so/as long as,in case,on condion that Adverbial Clauses (状语从句) 4.地点状语从句 5.让步状语从句 as,although,though,whether,even if/though, no matter who/when/what..., however, whatever... 6.目的状语从句 7.结果状语从句 so that,so/such...that..., 8.比较状语从句 (as)...as,than,the more...the more 9.方式状语从句 where so that, in order that as,just as,as if/though
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