[ID:4-6305619] 高三英语二轮复习语法专题---状语从句专练(含解析)
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( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题---状语从句专练 一、单选题 1.Mark needs to learn Chinese ________ his company is opening a branch in Beijing. A.?unless????????????????????????????????B.?until????????????????????????????????C.?although????????????????????????????????D.?since 2._____ you visit the website, you can find the information you need. A.?Although????????????????????????????B.?As long as????????????????????????????C.?Since????????????????????????????D.?Unless 3.Brandon worked very hard ________ he was admitted to his dream university. A.?as if????????????????????????????B.?so that????????????????????????????C.?so long as????????????????????????????D.?for fear that 4.If our marketing plan succeeds, we _______ the sales by thirty percent next year. A.?would increase???????B.?will increase????????????C.?would have increased???????D.?will be increasing 5.In the United States and some other countries,?it is the driver's responsibility to make sure that children under fourteen do not ride in the front seat???????? they are wearing a seat belt of some kind. A.?while??????????????????????????????????B.?even??????????????????????????????????C.?until??????????????????????????????????D.?unless 6.(2013·辽宁)One can always manage to do more things, no matter______ full one's schedule is in life. A.?how??????????????????????????????????B.?what??????????????????????????????????C.?when??????????????????????????????????D.?where 7.The headmaster spoke slowly ______ we could understand him. A.?such that?????????????????????????????B.?because?????????????????????????????C.?so that?????????????????????????????D.?when 8.—When shall we set about doing our work? —______ all the group members are here. A.?Until????????????????????????????????B.?Since????????????????????????????????C.?Unless????????????????????????????????D.?Not until 9.We were having dinner _______ there was a knock on the door. A.?when????????????????????????????????????B.?while????????????????????????????????????C.?as????????????????????????????????????D.?then 10.The government has taken some measures to solve the shortage of electricity, but it may be some time ________ the situation improves. A.?since?????????????????????????????????B.?when?????????????????????????????????C.?before?????????????????????????????????D.?unless 11.Let me take down ________ you've said ________ I forget. ? A.?that, when???????????????????B.?what, before????????????????????C.?which, before???????????????????D.?what, when 12.Everyone in the tourist industry has made the point that __________ Government assistance is helpful, what they actually need most is for the visitors themselves to return. A.?as????????????????????????????????????B.?when????????????????????????????????????C.?while????????????????????????????????????D.?since 13.Most people quit ________ any results appear; they give up too soon and a quitter never wins. A.?while??????????????????????????????????B.?until??????????????????????????????????C.?since??????????????????????????????????D.?before 14._____ I always felt I would pass the exam, I never thought I would get an A. A.?While?????????????????????????????????????B.?Once?????????????????????????????????????C.?If?????????????????????????????????????D.?Until 15.You can use an egg timer to count down to fifteen minutes?????? ?you won't need to constantly look at the clock to see how much time has gone. A.?even though??????????????????????????B.?now that??????????????????????????C.?in case??????????????????????????D.?so that 16.___________you've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it. A.?Now that???????????????????????????B.?After???????????????????????????C.?Although???????????????????????????D.?As soon as 17.Sales of CDs have greatly increased since the early 1990s, when people _____to enjoy the advantages of this new technology. A.?begin???????????????????????????B.?began???????????????????????????C.?have begun???????????????????????????D.?had begun 18.So tired ___ after a whole day's heavy work that I _____stand on my feet. A.?was I, could hardly???????????????????????????????????????????B.?was I felt, could hardly C.?was I, couldn't hardly???????????????????????????????????????D.?I was, hardly couldn't 19.It was _____ music that I lost myself in it. A.?such a beautiful???????????????B.?so beautiful a???????????????C.?so beautiful???????????????D.?such beautiful 20.I can forget her no more ??????she forgets me. ? A.?than?????????????????????????????????????B.?as?????????????????????????????????????C.?for?????????????????????????????????????D.?though 21.(2012·四川)If you happen to get lost in the wild, you'd better stay ______ you are and wait for help. A.?why?????????????????????????????????????B.?where?????????????????????????????????????C.?who?????????????????????????????????????D.?what 22.________ got into the room ________ the telephone rang. A.?He hardly; then??????B.?Hardly had he; when??????C.?He had not; than??????D.?Not had he; when 23.Tom is ________ that we all trust him. A.?so honest a boy???????B.?such honest a boy???????C.?such a honest boy???????D.?so an honest boy 24.They were having an English class _____ the earthquake happened. A.?as????????????????????????????????????B.?after????????????????????????????????????C.?before????????????????????????????????????D.?when 25.From time to time Jason turned round,??????? he was searching for someone. A.?as if?????????????????????????????????B.?even if?????????????????????????????????C.?if only?????????????????????????????????D.?what if 26.Her parents require that she ? ? ? ??? her homework before she________TV. A.?will finish; watches????????B.?finishes; watches????????C.?finish; watches????????D.?finishes; will watch 27.Last Monday, I was chatting online _____, before I knew it, our manager came in and stood behind me. A.?until??????????????????????????????????????B.?when??????????????????????????????????????C.?as??????????????????????????????????????D.?so 28.It is so good a habit to instruct children to lay things _______ they belong when they are young. A.?to which???????????????????????????????B.?that???????????????????????????????C.?in which???????????????????????????????D.?where 29.Young ________ she is, she is fit for the job. A.?as????????????????????????????????B.?whether????????????????????????????????C.?although????????????????????????????????D.?since 30.I don't know if it______tomorrow.If it______tomorrow,my friends and I will go to the cinema. A.?rains...rains???????????????B.?will rain...will rain???????????????C.?rains...will rain???????????????D.?will rain...rains 二语法填空 1.She was on the point of going out ________ the telephone rang. 2.________ hard you try it, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. 3.We were about to set off ________ it suddenly began to rain. 4.The fog was ________ heavy that we could not see anything. 5.It was the middle of the night ________ my father woke me up and told me to watch the football match. 三、翻译 1.这些活动组织得如此之好,以至于我们所有人都欣赏她的能力。(so...that) 2.Native English speakers can understand each other ________ ________(即使) they don't speak the same kind of English. 3.________(每次我遇到困难), I can ________(得到很多建议和鼓励) from my fellows. 4.The three miners had been trapped in the well for a week________ ________ ________ ________. 这三个矿工被困井下一周后才被救上来。 5.The problem is ________ ________ ________it will takes us much time to work itout. 这道题如此难以至于我们要用很长时间才能解决。 6.这间教室的设施比那间教室的好得多。(facility; that) 7.我得承认我不喜欢吃蔬菜,尽管我知道它们对我的健康有益。(admit) 8.自从他大学毕业,他就梦想出国旅游。(ever since) 9.他们感到如此地惊恐以至于突然大哭起来。(so… that…) 10.每当你处于困境时,你最好求助于老师。只有在老师的指导下你才能在英语上取得进步。(whenever,guidance,only放句首) 答案解析部分 一、单选题 1.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查连词。句意:马克需要学习汉语因为他的公司要在北京开一个分支。根据题意,前后之间为因果关系,因为要开分公司,所以需要学习汉语。故答案为D。 【点评】考查原因状语从句。理解句意,弄清前后之间的关系即可判断答案。 2.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:只要你登录这个网址,你就能找到你需要的信息A。Although? “尽管”;? B. As long as “只要”;?? C. Since“自从......以来”;??? D. Unless“除非”。故选B。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及as long as引导的条件状语从句的应用。 3.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:Brandon学习很努力,结果被他梦想中的大学录取。A. as if“似乎,好像”;B. so that“以致于,为了,以便于”;C. so long as“只要”;D. for fear that“以免,唯恐”。根据语境可知,Brandon被录取是努力学习的结果。所以用so that引导结果状语从句。故选B。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及so that引导的结果状语从句的应用。 4.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:如果我们的营销计划成功,我们明年销售将增加百分之三十。If条件句使用的是一般现在时代替一般将来时,所以主句也是一般将来时,和next year搭配使用。所以选B。 【点评】考查时态。 5.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:在美国和其他的一些国家,务必不要让十四岁以下的孩子坐在前排座位上是司机的职责,除非他们系好某种安全带。A. while“当……的时候”,引导时间状语从句;B. even“甚至,更”;C. until“一直”;D. unless“除非,如果不”,引导条件状语从句。故选D。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及unless引导的条件状语从句。 6.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】选A,考查状语从句。句意:一个人总是可以设法做更多的事,不管他生活中的日程安排得多满。空格后的full决定用副词how。 【点评】此题考查状语从句。根据句意,“无论,不管“,可以是however或no matter how,故选A。 7.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:校长说得很慢,以便我们能够理解他。so that固定短语,“为的是,结果是”,引导的是目的状语从句,故选C。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及so that引导的目的状语从句的应用。 8.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:—我们什么时候开始工作?—直到所有的组员都来了。A. Until“在…以前”;B. Since“自…以来”;C. Unless“除非”;D. Not until“直到......才........”。故选D。 【点评】考查连词辨析,本题涉及not until引导的状语从句。 9.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:我们正在吃饭时,有人敲门。be doing ...when ...固定短语,“正在做......,这时......”,故选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及when引导的时间状语从句,以及固定句式be doing ...when ...。 10.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:政府已经采取了一些措施来解决电力的短缺,但是在情况得到改善之前可能还要一段时间,before“在......之前”,故选C。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及before引导的时间状语从句。 11.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】第一个空中的what引导宾语从句,what在句中作为代词say的宾语;第二个空before引导时间状语从句,意为“在……之前”。句意:我们要在忘记之前记下你说的内容。that在名词性从句中不充当任何成分,也没有意义,which指特定范围之内的某一个。故B正确。 【点评】考查宾语从句和时间状语从句。 12.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】C考查连词。A. as? 一边---一边---; B. when当---时候; C. while尽管; D. since既然。旅游业中的每个人都强调了这一点,虽然政府援助是有益的,但是事实上他们最需要的是游客自己返回。此处while尽管,引导让步状语从句。故选C。 【点评】While用法小结1.while作名词用,表示“一会儿”“一段时间”She likes to lie down for a while after lunch.她喜欢午饭后躺一会儿.2.While作连词(1)引导时间状语We must strike while the iron is hot.趁热打铁.(2)引起让步状语从句,意思是“虽然…但是….”、“尽管…但是…”(多放于句首) While he loves his students, he is very strict with them..虽然他爱他的学生,可是他对他们很严格。本句考查while的这一用法,“虽然政府援助是有益的,但是事实上他们最需要的是游客自己返回”。此处while尽管,引导让步状语从句。故选C。(3)引起条件状语,意思是“只要”While there is life there is hope.只要生命存在,就有希望.3.While作并列连词用,意思为“而,然而”,表对比.而but表转折.注意用心比较体会while与but的句中用意 The son was having a good meal at home, while the parents were working in the fields.儿子在家吃好饭而父母却在田里辛勤劳作.我本该帮她但没能。 13.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:大多数人在任何结果出现之前就放弃了;他们放弃得太早,放弃的人永远不会成功。A. while“当……时候”;B. until“直到……”;C. since“自从……以来”;D. before “在……之前”。根据下文的“they give up too soon”太快放弃可知,大多数人是在结果出现之前就放弃了。故选D。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及before引导的时间状语从句。 14.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:尽管我总觉得能考及格,但我从未想过能得A。在确定状语从句的引导词时,要从上下文的逻辑关系入手,根据语境,“我总觉得能考及格”和“我从未想过能得A”存在转折关系,所以应用“尽管;虽然”来引导,while在此就表此意。 故答案选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及while引导的让步状语从句的应用。 15.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:你可以使用一个煮蛋计时器进行十五分钟倒计时,这样就不需要不断的看钟看时间过了多少。A. even though”尽管”;B. now that“既然”;C. in case“以防”;D. so that“以便于,所以”。根据前后句可知,这里用so that引导目的状语从句。故选D。 【点评】考查连词辨析,本题涉及so that引导的目的状语从句的应用。 16.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意,既然你得到了一次机会,你也应该充分利用它。now that “既然”;after“在……以后”;although“尽管A;as soon as“一……就.....”。根据题意,故选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及now that引导的原因状语从句。 17.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:自上世纪90年代初,人们开始享受这种新技术的优势后,CD的销售量大大增加了。在英语中,since“自从……”从句用一般过去时,主句用现在完成时。故选B项。 【点评】考查时态,本题涉及一般过去时的应用以及since引导的时间状语从句。 18.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:在一整天的工作之后,我又累又饿,简直不能站起来了。so/such that结构中,有时要强调so/such所修饰的形容词或副词,常将so/such 连同它所修饰的形容词或副词一起提前放在句首,句子要使用部分倒装结构,系动词是was;hardly本身就是否定词,故could后不可再用否定。故选A。 【点评】考查倒装,本题涉及so/such....that...引导的结果状语从句的部分倒装。 19.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:它是一首如此美妙的音乐,我迷失在里面了。such是形容词,“这样的,如此的”,修饰名词;so是副词,“这样的,如此的”,修饰形容词或者副词。音乐为抽象名词,不可数,故前面不能用不定冠词。故选D。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及such...that...引导的结果状语从句的应用。 20.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:我可以忘记她,无非是她忘记我。no more than,无非,只不过,故选A。 【点评】考查比较状语从句。 21.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】本题考查地点状语从句。句意:你最好呆在你现在所在的地方,等待帮助。where此处引导地点状语,故选B。 【点评】状语从句指句子用作状语时,起副词作用的句子。stay是不及物动词,因此where引导的句子是状语从句,where在状语从句中作地点状语。此题考生易错看成宾语从句。 22.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:他一进入房间,电话就响了。hardly…when…,固定短语,“一.....就......”。Hardly是一个半否定词,放在句首的时候谓语动词要使用部分倒装的形式。另外他进入房间是在电话响之前,所以本句前半句要使用过去完成时。故选B。 【点评】考查状语从句和倒装,本题涉及hardly…when…引导的时间状语从句,以及部分倒装。 23.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:汤姆是个诚实的孩子,我们都信任他。so+adj +a/an+单数名词+that。故选A。 【点评】考查结果状语从句,区分so和such的应用。 24.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:地震发生时,他们正在上英语课。A. as“随着......“;B. after“在.....之后“; C. before “在.....之前“;D. when“当.....时候“。根据句意可知答案为D。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及when引导的时间状语从句的应用。 25.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:贾森不时地转过身来,好像在寻找什么人。A. as if“似乎,好像”;B. even if“即使”;C. if only要是......多好”;D. what if“假使......会怎样”。根据句意可知,选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及as if引导的方式状语从句。 26.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】考查require后的宾语从句和时间状语从句。句意:她的父母要求她完成作业后再看电视。require后的宾语从句用should +动词原形,其中should 可以省略,第一空填finish;在宾语从句中,含有before引导的时间状语从句,主句是should +动词原形,则从句用一般现在时态,she是单数第三人称,故第二空填watches。由此可知答案为C。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握equire后的宾语从句和时间状语从句的用法。 27.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:上周一,我正在网上聊天,在我注意到之前,我们经理就走进来站在我身后了。这里用连词 when表示一件事发生时,另一件事发生了。故选B。 28.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查地点状语从句。句意:在孩子小的时候让他们把东西放在应该放的地方是个好习惯。本处where they belong作为lay things的地点状语从句。结合语境,故答案为D。 【点评】本题考查学生对状语从句和定语从句的理解,难点在A项的排除上。belong to“属于”,其后接宾语。to which引导的是定语从句。根据句意,句中things不是从句的先行词。lay things where...“把东西放到...”,因此A项不正确。 29.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:尽管她很年轻,但她适合这份工作。从句是倒装结构,as引导让步状语从句时,用倒装结构,故选A。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及as引导的让步状语从句的应用。 30.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】考查时态。句意:我不知道明天是否会下雨。如果明天下雨的话,我和我的朋友就去看电影。第一空宾语从句中有时间状语tomorrow,因此要用一般将来时态,第二空考查主句是一般将来时,if条件句应用一般现在时态表将来。故选D。 【点评】本题要求考生在理解句义的基础上,进一步牢固掌握宾语从句和条件状语从句的用法,本题涉及一般现在时和一般将来时的考查。 二、语法填空 1.【答案】 when 【解析】【分析】句意:她正要出门时,电话铃响了。be on the point of...when...,固定句型,“正要.......,这时.......”,故填when。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及固定句型“be on the point of...when...,”。 2.【答案】 However 【解析】【分析】句意:不减少进食,无论你怎么努力,要减肥都是困难的。however(=no matter how)无论怎么,引导让步状语从句。故填However。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及however引导的让步状语从句。 3.【答案】when 【解析】【分析】句意:我们正要出发,突然下起雨来了。It was about to do ….when….,固定句式,“正要做某事,突然(发生某事),故填when。 【点评】考查状语从句,以及固定句型It was about to do ….when….。 4.【答案】so 【解析】【分析】句意:雾太重了以致于我们什么也看不到。句中so. . . that“如此...以致于...”引导结果状语从句,另外还有引导词such. . . that,等,故应填so。 【点评】做此类题时, 牢记连词词义并能够熟练运用是解答题目的先决条件。 5.【答案】when 【解析】【分析】句意:当我父亲把我叫醒,让我看足球比赛的时候,时间是半夜。此处是when 引导的时间状语从句,故填when。 【点评】考查状语从句,本题涉及when引导的时间状语从句的应用。 三、翻译 1.【答案】 These activities are/were so well organized that all of us appreciate/-ed her abilities. 【解析】【分析】组织得如此之好 are/were so well organized 欣赏她的能力appreciate/-ed her abilities.因此答案为: These activities are/were so well organized that all of us appreciate/-ed her abilities. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及so...that....引导的结果状语从句。 ? 2.【答案】 even;if/though 【解析】【分析】句意:母语为英语的人即使他们说的英语不一样,也可以互相理解。短语“即使”可译为“even if/though”。因此本句填(1). even (2). if/though。 【点评】考查汉译英,以及固定短语even if/though。 ? 3.【答案】Every time I meet with difficulties get;a great deal of advice and encouragement 【解析】【分析】句中用Every time引导时间状语从句,advice and encouragement是不可数名词,用a great deal of修饰。根据所给汉语,故答案为Every time I meet with difficulties/ get a great deal of advice and encouragement。 【点评】考查时间名词短语引导时间状语和时态。首先理解句意,根据所给的汉语提示,结合语法知识,确定所缺短语和时态。注意单词或短语的词意、词性与词形、名词的单复数、形容词副词的原级、比较级和最高级,以及反义词的选用等,使句子意思通顺,符合逻辑。 4.【答案】 before;they;were;rescued 【解析】【分析】表示“在…之前”,用before引导时间状语从句,表示发生在过去的事情,用一般过去时,“他们”和“救援”之间是被动关系,用被动语态,所以填(1)before ;(2)they;(3) were ;(4)rescued。 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及before引导的时间状语从句。 ? 5.【答案】so;difficult;that 【解析】【分析】so + adj. + that...固定句型,“太…以至于”,引导的让步状语从句,故填(1)so;(2) difficult ;(3)that。 【点评】考查汉译英,以及固定句型“so + adj. + that...”。 ? 6.【答案】 The facilities in this classroom are much/far/a lot better than those in that classroom. 【解析】【分析】设施要与设施比,所以是The facilities in this classroom are much/far/a lot better than those in that classroom. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及比较状语从句的应用。 ? 7.【答案】 I have to admit that I dislike (eating) vegetables though I know they are good for my health. 【解析】【分析】此句使跟在admit后的宾语从句,从句中要用though引导让步状语从句。因此答案为 I have to admit that I dislike (eating) vegetables though I know they are good for my health. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及宾语从句和让步状语从句的应用。 ? 8.【答案】Ever since he graduated from college,he has dreamed about going travel abroad. 【解析】【分析】连词ever since引导时间状语从句,从句通常使用一般过去时,表示动作从过去开始,主句通常使用现在完成时,表示主句动作从过去开始一直延续到现在。所以译文为:Ever since he graduated from college, he has dreamed about going travel abroad. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及时间状语从句,一般过去时和现在完成时的应用。 ? 9.【答案】They felt so frightened that they burstinto tears/out crying. 【解析】【分析】本句中so…that…意为“如此…以至于…”,so的后面要接形容词或副词,that后面接上结果状语从句。所以译文可以是:They felt so frightened that they burst into tears/out crying. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及so…that…引导的结果状语从句。 ? 10.【答案】Whenever you are in trouble, you'dbetter turn to the teacher. Only under the guidance of the teacher can you makeprogress in your English. 【解析】【分析】此处包含(whenever引导的时间状语从句,且only放句首句子用部分倒装,结合所给汉语可知答案为Whenever you are in trouble, you'd better turn to the teacher. Only under the guidance of the teacher can you make progress in your English. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及(whenever引导的时间状语从句以及部分倒装。 ? ( 1 )
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