[ID:4-6305114] 高三英语二轮复习语法专题--名词性从句专练(含答案解析)
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( …………○…………外…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) ( ※※请※※不※※要※※在※※装※※订※※线※※内※※答※※题※※ ) ( …………○…………内…………○…………装…………○…………订…………○…………线…………○………… ) 高三英语一轮复习语法专题--名词性从句专练 一、单选题 1.______the author of the book intends to express is not the loneliness of being trapped on a deserted island but the faith in overcoming any problem ahead. A.?That???????????????????????????????????B.?How???????????????????????????????????C.?What???????????????????????????????????D.?Why 2.We decided that we would help him. (请简化宾语从句) A.?We decided we would help him.?????????????????????B.?We decided that to help him. C.?We decided to help him.?????????????????????????????????D.?We decided helping him. 3.William was badly injured. It is impossible to foresee????????? he'll be well enough to come home from hospital next month. A.?that??????????????????????????????????B.?whether??????????????????????????????????C.?when??????????????????????????????????D.?why 4.In China, there is a traditional view ________ working for the government or big companies is the best choice for the young. A.?whether???????????????????????????????????B.?that???????????????????????????????????C.?why???????????????????????????????????D.?how 5.A ship in harbor is safe, but that's not???? ships are built for. A.?which??????????????????????????????????B.?where??????????????????????????????????C.?what??????????????????????????????????D.?why 6.His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out _____ he is trying to express. A.?that????????????????????????????????????B.?how????????????????????????????????????C.?who????????????????????????????????????D.?what 7.The same boiling water softens the potato and hardens the egg. It's about ?????you're made of, not the circumstances. A.?that????????????????????????????????????B.?what????????????????????????????????????C.?how????????????????????????????????????D.?who 8.All the doctors in the hospital insisted that he _____badly hurt and that he ________ at once. A.?should be; be operated on??????????????????????????????B.?were; must be operated on C.?be; was operated on????????????????????????????????????????D.?was; be operated on 9.At present, we have come to sense that creativity is _____ it takes to keep a nation highly competitive. ? A.?what????????????????????????????????????B.?why????????????????????????????????????C.?how????????????????????????????????????D.?that 10.People crowd into ________ cherry trees are blooming, appreciating the fresh spring sight. A.?what?????????????????????????????????B.?when?????????????????????????????????C.?which?????????????????????????????????D.?where 11.— So you haven't read the information form? — ________ makes the matter worse is that I don't have a single copy. A.?It????????????????????????????????????B.?What????????????????????????????????????C.?That????????????????????????????????????D.?Which 12.It is good manners to eat up ______ is left in your plate. A.?that?????????????????????????????????????B.?what?????????????????????????????????????C.?which?????????????????????????????????????D.?all 13.We all know that a smile is usually a sign ________ people feel friendly and happy. A.?when??????????????????????????????????????B.?how??????????????????????????????????????C.?that??????????????????????????????????????D.?if 14.______excited Jenny most was ______ she finally succeeded in ______seemed to be the most difficult exam to him. A.?That; that; which?????B.?What; that; what?????C.?That; because; that?????D.?What; because; which 15.(2012·山东)It doesn't matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store. A.?how??????????????????????????????????B.?whether??????????????????????????????????C.?what??????????????????????????????????D.?why 16.Their request will be discussed at tomorrow's meeting ____the pay should be raised. A.?which???????????????????????????????????B.?when???????????????????????????????????C.?where???????????????????????????????????D.?that 17.______ amazed the NBA world is ______ Kobe Bryant scored 81 points just in one game. A.?That, what???????????????????????B.?What, that???????????????????????C.?That, that???????????????????????D.?What, what 18.Soon we arrived at ________ was called Chinatown. A.?it?????????????????????????????????????B.?that?????????????????????????????????????C.?where?????????????????????????????????????D.?what 19.(2017?江苏)We choose this hotel because the price for a night here is down to $20,half of_________it used to charge. A.?that???????????????????????????????????B.?which???????????????????????????????????C.?what???????????????????????????????????D.?how 20.________ is known to us all that the old scientist, for ________ life was hard in the past, still works hard in his eighties. A.?As; whose?????????????????????????B.?It; whose?????????????????????????C.?As; whom?????????????????????????D.?It; whom 21.We don't know ???????they did it. A.?which???????????????????????????????????B.?who???????????????????????????????????C.?what???????????????????????????????????D.?how 22.A modern city has been set up in ________ was wasteland ten years ago. A.?what??????????????????????????????????B.?which??????????????????????????????????C.?that??????????????????????????????????D.?where 23.He said that he had visited his teachers in the junior middle school ________. A.?two weeks before???????????????B.?last week???????????????C.?a week ago???????????????D.?before two weeks 24.Sometimes the message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of???? others ________actually understand. A.?what???????????????????????????????????B.?why???????????????????????????????????C.?how???????????????????????????????????D.?which 25.Many experts hold the view ????????teacher's development is ????????the key to better education lies. A.?which; where??????????????????B.?which; which??????????????????C.?that; where??????????????????D.?that; in which 26.—What did Tom say to you just now, John? —He asked _____________. A.?why I am so happy today????????????????????????????????B.?what will I do for the weekend C.?Who did I play football with after school???????D.?if I could go to the movie with him tonight 27.The owner asked ????his SUV. A.?how he could park B.?how could he park C.?where he could park D.?where could he park 28.—Can you tell me ________? —According to the pronunciation. A.?how you can memorize words B.?why can you memorize words C.?When you can memorize words 29.It also gives the interview the impression _______ you actually feel quite nervous, you're confident. A.?that???????????????????????????????B.?even if???????????????????????????????C.?that even if???????????????????????????????D.?what 30.I don't remember ________ the book yesterday. A.?where I put??????????????B.?where did I put??????????????C.?where will I put??????????????D.?where I will put 31.— Do you know _________ made him successful in his career? — Yes. His hard work and strong will, of course. A.?what it was that???????????B.?what was it that???????????C.?it was what that???????????D.?was it what that 32.Self confidence is a kind of quality and that is ???????it takes to do everything well. A.?why????????????????????????????????????B.?that????????????????????????????????????C.?what????????????????????????????????????D.?which 33.— What did she want to know, Tom? — She wondered ______ we could complete the experiment. A.?when was it???????????????B.?it was when that???????????????C.?it was when???????????????D.?when it was that 34.Anyone??? has a dog as a pet will tell you??? a dog means to a family. A.?which; what??????????????????????B.?who; why??????????????????????C.?who; what??????????????????????D.?which; why 35.It matters little ______ a man dies, but _____ matters much is ______ he lives. A.?how; what; how????????????????B.?how; it; how????????????????C.?why; it; why????????????????D.?that; what; that 二、语法填空 36.His suggestion ________ the meeting be delayed was turned down. 37.Mrs Green is expert at cooking and she is willing to teach ________?wants to learn from her. 38.Jim said there was no clear evidence ________ she had told a lie. 39.Cindy shut the door heavily and burst into tears. No one in the office knew________ she was so angry. 40.Do you think it is possible to find out ________ these borrowed words are from? 三、翻译 41.我没想到的是,现在养老院是一床难求。(that) 42.我得承认我不喜欢吃蔬菜,尽管我知道它们对我的健康有益。(admit) 43.每个人应当牢记:己所不欲,勿施于人。(mind) 44.事实证明,保持快乐的心态会降低得心脏病的风险。(It) 45.________ is that they are creative and strong-willed. (common) 他们的共同之处在于他们都富有创造性且意志坚定。 答案解析部分 一、单选题 1.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意:这本书的作者想要表达的不是被困在荒岛上的孤独感,而是克服未来任何问题的信念。分析句子可知,______the author of the book intends to express在句中作主语,是主语从句,从句中缺少express的宾语,空格处在这里表示“什么”,故用what,选C项。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及what引导的主语从句。 2.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:我们决定帮助他。主句谓语动词是decide,且宾语从句的主语与主句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为不定式结构,decided that we would help简化为decided to help,故选C。 【点评】考查宾语从句的简化,注意宾语从句简化后的结构。 3.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:威廉受了重伤,不可能预见他下个月是否可以出院。句中it为形式主语,根据前文William was badly injured.可推知,从句内容不确定,故用whether引导。故选B。 【点评】考查主语从句,本题涉及whether引导的宾语从句的应用。 4.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】考查同位语从句。句意:在中国,传统观点认为为政府或大公司工作是年轻人的最佳选择。空后是一个完整的句子,不缺成分,空前是名词view,空后的句子是对view解释说明,所以该句是同位语从句,所以需用连词that,that在句中不作成分,但是不能省略。故答案选B。 【点评】考查同位语从句连接词的选用。 5.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:港口的船是安全的,但是这不是建轮船的目的。这里是表语从句,表语从句中for缺少宾语,用what连接表语从句;that连接表语从句的时候,不做成分;why“为什么”,how“怎么”。所以选C。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及what引导的表语从句的应用。 6.【答案】D 【解析】【分析】句意:他的书写如此令人困惑,以至于难以辨认他在试图表达什么。分析句子结构可知,定语从句he is trying to express后缺少宾语,因此用what。故选D。 【点评】考查名词从句,本题涉及what宾语从句的应用。 7.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:同样的沸水使土豆变软,使鸡蛋变硬。重要的是你是由什么构成的,而不是环境。本句为表语从句,从句中缺少宾语,指代事物,用what,故选B。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及what引导的宾语从句。 8.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:医院里所有的医生都认为他受伤很严重,要求他立即动手术。insist作“坚决要求做某事”讲时,要用虚拟语气;当“坚持说,坚持陈述某事实”解时,用陈述语气。故选D。 【点评】考查虚拟语气,以及宾语从句。 9.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查表语从句。本题what引导表语从句what it takes to keep a nation highly competitive.并在句中做takes的宾语。句意:随着时间的流逝,我们逐渐意识到创造性是让一个国家有竞争力需要的事情。故A正确。 【点评】考查表语从句。表语从句的考查主语是考查连接词在句中的作用和充当的成分。 10.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:人们涌向樱花盛开的地方,欣赏清新的春光。从句做介词into的宾语,且从句缺少地点状语。A. what“什么”;B. when“什么时候”;C. which“哪一个”;D. where“哪儿”。故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及where引导的宾语从句。 11.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:—所以你还没有阅读信息表格?让事情更糟糕的是我没有副本。由句子结构知,该处连接主语从句且从句中缺少主语,表示“事情”要用what来引导主语从句且充当主语。故选B。 12.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:把盘子剩下的东西全吃完是个好习惯。这是一个宾语从句,从句is left in your plate缺少主语,which和what都可以做主语,但是what表示…东西,故选B。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及what引导的宾语从句的应用。 13.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:我们知道微笑通常是一个人感到友好和愉悦的标志。sign是先行词,people feel friendly and happy是解释说明sign的内容,而且从句中意思完整,不缺成分,故用that来引导。故答案为C。 【点评】考查同位语从句和连词。 14.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:珍妮最兴奋的是对他来说似乎是最困难的考试,她终于成功了。 ______excited Jenny most是主语从句,从句中缺少主语,因此用关系代词what ;? _____ she finally succeeded in? ...是表语从句,从句中不缺少成分,因此用引导词that; ______seemed to be the most difficult exam to him. 是宾语从句,从句中缺少主语,因此用关系代词what , 故选B。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及主语从句,表语从句和宾语从句。 15.【答案】B 【解析】【分析】句意:在这个商店中用现金或信用卡支付都可以。此处it是形式主语,后面whether...or…引导的主语从句是真正的主语,whether...or…“是...…还是...…都行”。故选B。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及whether引导的主语从句。 16.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:他们的加薪要求将在明天的会议上讨论。此处request的具体内容就是后面的the pay should be raised.,所以此处是that引导的同位语从句,故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及that引导的同位语从句。 17.【答案】 B 【解析】【分析】句意:使NBA世界惊讶的是Kobe Bryant在一场比赛中得了81分。根据句意可知,句子主语是一个主语从句,引导词即起引导作用又要做从句的一个成分,所以第一空填What;第二空是that引导的表语从句,只起引导作用,故选B。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及关系代词what引导的主语从句和表语从句的应用。 18.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:很快我们到达了被称作Chinatown的地方。分析题干可知what was called Chinatown为宾语,what在宾语从句中作主语,表示“……的”。故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及关系代词what引导的宾语从句的应用。 19.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】句意: 我们选择这家旅馆,因为它每晚的价格下降到了20美元,是过去价格的一半。“half of_________it used to charge”是$20的同位语,即原来价格的一半是现在的$20;另外,of后跟名词或名词短语构成介宾短语,所以,这里是宾语从句;宾语从句中的charge后面缺少宾语,所以用what来引导宾语从句,并充当宾语从句的宾语,故选C。 【点评】考查宾语从句的引导词。 20.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:我们都知道,那位老科学家,过去生活很艰苦,到了八十多岁还在努力工作。第一空it is known to us all that…是个固定句型,意为“众所周知…”;第二空为介词+关系代词引导的定语从句,先行词the old scientist指人,作介词for的宾语,只能用whom,故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句和定语从句,本题涉及固定句式it is known to us all that…和whom引导的限制性定语从句。 21.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:我们不知道他们是怎么做到的。分析从句可知,从句中有主谓宾。所以只缺状语,只有D项是副词,可以作状语,故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及how引导的宾语从句的应用。 22.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:十年前是一片荒地的地方建起了一座现代化的城市。该空所填词要作介词in的宾语,且作从句的主语,由此可以排除B,因为where是关系副词,只能作状语。连接代词what引导一个宾语从句,“是一个什么样的地方”。故选A。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及what引导的宾语从句。 23.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】考查时间状语的运用。这个句子属于过去完成时,所以排除B、C(属于过去式的表达)。before一般用在过去完成时,但before位置居后。故选A。 24.【答案】A 【解析】【分析】句意:你想通过话语传达的信息也许正与其他人实际理解的相反。介词 of 后的宾语从句中的 understand 后缺少宾语且表示物,故用 what。选A。 【点评】考查宾语从句,本题涉及关系代词what引导的宾语从句。 25.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】考查连词。第一空是同位语从句,作view的同位语,对view进行补充说明,第二空是表语从句,从句中缺少lie的状语。句意:很多专家认为,老师的发展就是更好教育的关键所在。故选B 26.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:——Tom刚刚说什么呢?——他问是否今晚我能和他一起去看电影。此处是if引导的宾语从句,句子应该用陈述句语序,且用一般过去时态,故选D。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及宾语从句的应用。 27.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:车主问他可以把车停在哪里。这是一个宾语从句,用陈述句语序,结合句意,选C。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及where引导的宾语从句。 28.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:—你能告诉我怎样能记住这些单词吗?—根据读音。此处考查宾语从句语序用陈述语序,根据句意用how,故选A。 【点评】考查宾语从句的语序和连词辨析。 29.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】考查同位语从句和让步状语从句。句意:它也给面试官这样的印象:你很自信,即使你实际上感觉很紧张。that引导同位语从句修饰名词“the impression”;在同位语从句中“even if”引导让步状语从句。故选C。 30.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:我不记得昨天我把书放在哪里了。英语宾语从句中一般为陈述语序。根据时间状语yesterday(昨天)可知,从句描述的是过去发生的动作,故从句中用一般过去时态。B为倒装语序,故选A。 【点评】考查名词性从句和时态,本题涉及宾语从句和一般过去时。 31.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:——你知道是什么使他在事业中成功吗?——知道,当然是他的他的努力和决心。据所给选项分析可知本题考查强调句型it is…that,该句型的特点是去掉it is…that句子的主体部分仍然完整。本题中know后面接的是宾语从句,而宾语从句最重要的一点就是必须是陈述句语序(即满足最基本的主谓结构)。而B、D选项分别是特殊疑问句和一般疑问句,故直接排除;C选项没有将宾语从句的引导词what提前,故排除,故选A。 【点评】考查强调句和宾语从句,掌握强调句型的结构。 32.【答案】C 【解析】【分析】考查名词性从句。句意:坚定不移是一种品质——坚定不移使人们做好任何事情。这是一个表语从句,what在表语从句中作takes的宾语,构成It takes sth. to do sth.的句型。故答案选C。 【点评】考查名词从句连接词的辨析。注意:what和that之间的区别。 33.【答案】 D 【解析】【分析】句意:“她想知道什么,汤姆?”“她想知道我们什么时候才能完成实验。”分析句子意思以及句子结构可知,空格部分为强调特殊疑问词when,且为宾语从句结构,故特殊疑问句必须置于主从句之间,并且要使用陈述语序。故D选项正确。 【点评】考查强调句的用法。 34.【答案】 C 【解析】【分析】句意:任何有狗当宠物的人都会告诉你狗对家庭的意义。 ? ? ? ? ?? has a dog as a pet 是一个限制性定语从句,修饰先行词anyone,在从句中作主语,故用关系代词who;??????? a dog means to a family.是一个宾语从句,引导词在从句中作means的宾语,故用what,所以选C。 【点评】考查定语从句和宾语从句,本题涉及who引导的限制性定语从句和what引导的宾语从句的应用。 35.【答案】 A 【解析】【分析】句意:一个人如何死去并不重要,重要的是他如何生活。it为形式主语,how从句为真正的主语。What matters much (=the thing that matters much)。第一个how引导的是一个主语从句;it作形式主语;what引导的是主语从句;第二个how引导的是表语从句。故选A。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及主语从句和表语从句的应用。 二、语法填空 36.【答案】 that 【解析】【分析】句意:他关于会议延期的建议被拒绝了。本句为同位语从句,解释中心词His suggestion的内容,用that连接,故填that。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及that引导的同位语从句。 37.【答案】 whoever 【解析】【分析】句意:格林夫人很擅长烹饪,而且她愿意教任何想要和她学习的人。teach为动词,其后接宾语从句,从句缺少主语,指人,并且是强调任何人,用whoever,相当于anyone who。故答案为whoever。 【点评】考查宾语从句连接词,注意理解句意,识记whoever的用法。 38.【答案】that 【解析】【分析】句意:吉姆说没有明显的证据能证明她说谎了。that引导同位语从句以解释说明evidence的内容。故答案为:that。 【点评】考查同位语从句引导词。 39.【答案】 why 【解析】【分析】句意:辛迪重重地关上门,哭了起来。办公室里没有人知道她为什么那么生气。本句为宾语从句,根据句意可知,用表原因的连接副词,故填why。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及why引导的宾语从句。 40.【答案】 where 【解析】【分析】句意:你认为可能找出这些外来词来自哪里吗?根据宾语从句中from,可知从句缺少地点状语,故用where引导,因此填where。 【点评】考查名词性从句,本题涉及where引导的宾语从句。 三、翻译 41.【答案】 What I didn't expect is that it is very hard/difficult to find a bed /vacancy in the nursing house the home for the aged. 【解析】【分析】我没想到的是可以用主语从句What I didn't expect is,一床难求it is very hard/difficult to。故翻译为What I didn't expect is that it is very hard/difficult to find a bed /vacancy in the nursing house the home for the aged. 【点评】考查汉译英,以及形式主语句型及主语从句。 42.【答案】 I have to admit that I dislike (eating) vegetables though I know they are good for my health. 【解析】【分析】此句使跟在admit后的宾语从句,从句中要用though引导让步状语从句。因此答案为 I have to admit that I dislike (eating) vegetables though I know they are good for my health. 【点评】考查汉译英,本题涉及宾语从句和让步状语从句的应用。 ? 43.【答案】 Everyone should bear/keep in mind that we should treat people the way (in which/that) we want to be treated. 【解析】【分析】固定词组:bear/keep in mind“记住”,后面是that引导的宾语从句,且从句中包含the way作先行词的定语从句,再根据所给汉语可知答案为Everyone should bear/keep in mind that we should treat people the way (in which/that) we want to be treated. 【点评】考查汉译英,以及固定短语bear/keep in mind和宾语从句。 ? 44.【答案】 It is proved that keeping a happy mind reduces the risk of heart diseases. 【解析】【分析】翻译时句中用it作形式主语,真正的主语为从句thatkeeping a happy mind reduces the risk of heart diseases.,从句翻译时要注意动名词作主语。故答案为It is proved that keeping a happy mind reduces the risk of heart diseases. 【点评】考查汉译英,以及涉及主语从句的应用。 ? 45.【答案】What they have in common 【解析】【分析】 此句要用到主语从句和固定短语。分析句子is之前是主语从句,从句中缺少宾语,故用what;have in common是“有共同点”的意思。故答案为:What they have in common。 【点评】考查主语从句基础知识的运用。对于此类题目,首先要对句子成分分析。区别what和that在主语从句中的不同用法,对基本的语法点要掌握。对于平时的学习要多积累,答题时结合句意和语法进行分析,答完后通读,是否通顺,符合逻辑。 ( 1 )
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