[ID:4-6529546] 北师大版高中英语高考总复习:15总复习:名词(含答案解析)
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语法讲解-高考总复习:名词
真题再现:
1. (2019 安徽模拟)There is no need to tell me your answer now. Give it some ______ and then let me know.
A. thought B. support C. protection D. authority
2. (2019 浙江模拟) One of the most effective ways to reduce is to talk about feeling with someone you trust.
A. production B. stress C. energy D. power
3.(2019 江苏模拟)Some schools will have to make ________ in agreement with the national soccer reform.
A. judgments B. adjustments C. comments D. achievements
4. (2019 江苏模拟)—Go and say sorry to your mom, Dave.
—I’d like to, but I’m afraid Mom won’t be happy with my ________.
A. requests B. excuses C. apologies D. regrets
5. (2019 湖北模拟)When he was running after his brother, the boy lost his ___ and had a bad fall.
6. He will come to understand your efforts sooner or later. It’s just a matter of _____.
A. luck B. value C. time D. fact
7. The Harry Potter books are quite popular; they are in great ______ in this city.
A. quantity B. progress C. production D. demand
8. My first ____ of him was that he was a kind and thoughtful young man.
A. expression B. attention C. satisfaction D. impression
9. —Why do you choose to work in an international travel agency
—Well, you know, English is my _______. So it is my best choice.
A. strength B. talent C. ability D. skill
10. (2019 湖北模拟)He gave himself a new name to hide his ____ when he went to carry out
11. I bought a dress for only 10 dollars in a sale; it was a real ______.
A. exchange B. bargain C. trade D. business
12. The practice of hanging clothes across the street is a common ______ in many parts of the city.
A. look B. sign C. sight D. appearance
13. Always read the________ on the bottle carefully and take the right amount of medicine.
A. explanations B. instructions C. descriptions D. introductions
14. Health problems are closely connected with bad eating habits and a _____ of exercise.
A. limit B. lack C. need D. demand
15. This restaurant has become popular for its wide of foods that suit all tastes and pockets.
A. division B. area C. range D. circle
16. (2019福建模拟)The failure was a big____________ to him, but he wasn’t discouraged and soon got as enthusiastic as ever.
A. blow B. issue C. excuse D. factor

1. 【解析】 C。本题考查的是名词的用法,A想法,B支持,C保护,D权力,职权,根据语意故选:C。
2. 【解析】B。句意:一种最有效的减压方法就是和你觉得信任的人谈谈你的想法。production意为“产品”,stress意为“压力”,energy意为“能源”,passive意为“力量”。根据常识可以知道,和别人谈心应该来说是减压。
3. 【解析】B。本题考察名词的基本用法,A判断,B调整C评论,D成就。根据语意选B。
4. 【解析】C。本题考察名词的意思,A请求,B借口,C道歉,D后悔。根据语意选C。
5. 【解析】A。考查名词词义辨析。句意:男孩在追他哥哥时,失去了平衡,重重地摔了一跤。lose one’s balance 失去了平衡。chance 机会,可能性;memory 记忆。
6. 【解析】C。本题考查名词辨析。句意为:他迟早会渐渐理解你付出的努力的。这只是个时间的问题。根据句意选C。
7. 【解析】D。此处quantity数量;progress进步;production生产;demand要求。这里be in great demand意为“需求量很大,畅销”。句意:《哈利波特》很受欢迎;在这个城市有很大的需求量。
8.【解析】D。句意为:我对他的第一印象是他是一个善良的、善于思考的年轻人。expression意为“表达”;attention意为“注意力”;satisfaction意为“满意、满足”;impression意为“印象”,符合句意。
9.【解析】A。根据后半句解释“it is my best choice”可知“英语是我的强项”。strength意为“优势、强项”,符合句意。
10. 【解析】C。考查名词词义辨析。句意:他执行一项秘密任务时,给自己起了一个新的名字来掩盖身份。emotion 情绪;talent 天资,才能;identity 身份;treasure 财富。故选C。
11.【解析】B。题意为:我仅花10元买了一件甩卖的裙子;真是一件便宜货。bargain意为:廉价货,便宜货。exchange 交换,交流;trade贸易;business 商业,买卖;事情。
12. 【解析】C。四个选项的词不完全是同义词,但意义比较接近。look/appearance外表;sign标志、迹象;sight风景、视力。结合句意,“在城市的很多地方,衣服穿街晾晒已成一道风景。”
13.【解析】B。句意:一定要仔细阅读瓶子上的说明书并且适量服用。强调“指示、指导”。
14. 【解析】B。句意,健康问题与不良饮食习惯和缺乏锻炼有密切关系。a lack of 是“缺乏、缺少”。
15. 【解析】C。此题不仅考查学生对于四个选项的认知,更重要的是要理解句子的含义。“这家餐馆越来越出名是由于它做的各种各样的食物适应各种类型人群。”“a range of ”强调一个系列,而“a wide range of”意为“各种各样的”。正好符合题意。从句子结构来讲,这个句子属于典型的“从句套从句”。“for”引导原因并列从句,“that”引导定语从句。
16. 【解析】A。考查名词辨析。 blow打击; issue问题; excuse借口; factor要素。该句意思为:这个失败对他来说是一个打击,但是他没有泄气,很快振作恢复了原来的热情。故选A。
语法讲解
名词是英语中比较大的一类词,也是高考的重点和难点。从近几年全国各省市高考题可以看出,高考对名词的考查主要涉及在特定的语境中考查名词词义辨析(包括名词与动词或介词的搭配),名词的数(包括可数名词的单复数形式,名词的可数性和不可数性及它们之间的转化等),名词的所有格,名词作定语,以及名词的修饰语和主谓一致。另外,考查名词常常和考查冠词一起进行。
从命题形式来看,目前高考对名词的考查主要集中在完形填空、单项选择和短文改错,其中完形填空对名词的考查所占分值最大。单项选择涉及对以上所述类型的考查;完形填空主要考查名词辨析;短文改错则大多考查名词的单复数以及名词作定语。
考点一:名词词义辨析
名词词义辨析是高考对名词考查的最大热点,又是重点和难点。主要题型有单项选择和完形填空。而完形填空中对名词辨析的考查最多。名词辨析包括同义词辨析(意思大致相同,但是各个词之间有着细微差别或者用法完全不同)、近义词辨析(词义不同,但比较接近)、形似词辨析(拼写类似,词义差别较大)。
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北师大版高中英语高考总复习:15总复习:名词.docx
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