[ID:4-6818354] [精]Unit 1 What's the matter Section B (2a-2e) 课件+音视频
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(共59张PPT) 新课标 八年级下册 Unit 1 Section B 2a-2e What's the matter? 学 习 目 标 Objectives 1. 熟练掌握并运用下列单词及短语: risk, accident, situation, kilo, rock, knife, blood, importance, decision, control, spirit, death, take risks, cut off, be in control of, the importance of。 2. 通过快速阅读,说出文章大意并根据文章做出相应的判断 。 3. 通过细读,了解文章的逻辑结构和重要语法点。 4. 通过句子排序,能够复述课文。 breathe v. 呼吸; 吸进 New words Learn some new words! Fish can not?breathe?out of water. 鱼离开水就不能呼吸。 【辨】breath n. 呼吸; 气息 He took a deep breath, and began to climb the stairs. 他深吸了一口气,然后开始爬楼梯。 /bri?/ /breθ/ sunburned adj. 晒伤的, 晒黑的 New words Learn some new words! [?s?n?b??nd] She wore a hat to keep her face from getting sunburned. 她戴着一顶帽子,以防脸晒伤。 climber n. 登山者; 攀岩者 New words Learn some new words! climb(爬) + -er climber ['kla?m?] Her husband was an expert rock climber. 她丈夫是一名攀岩高手。 New words Learn some new words! accident n. 交通事故; 意外遭遇 ['?ks?d?nt] John's had an accident, he's been knocked down by a car. 约翰出事了, 他被一辆小汽车撞倒了。 by accident 偶然;无意中 New words Learn some new words! Don't take risks, it's a risk. 不敢冒险,才是风险。 risk n. 危险;风险;冒险 vt. 冒 ... 的危险;承受...的风险 [r?sk]   He saved my life at the risk of his own. 他冒着自己的生命危险救了我的命。 control n. 控制;管理;抑制; vt. 控制;管理;抑制 New words Learn some new words! [k?n?tro?l] She couldn't control the horse. 她不能驾驭这匹马。 I am in control of the club. 我掌管这个俱乐部。 New words Learn some new words! rock 作 “岩石” 解时, 是可数名词; 作 “岩层” 解时,是不可数名词; 作“摇滚” 解时, 是不可数名词。 knife n. “刀;匕首”, 是刀的总称,指用来切东西的工具, 通常是有柄的;可指用来吃饭的餐刀, 还可用来指武器。复数形式为knives。 blood n. “血,血液” 是不可数名词,没有复数形式。 spirit的基本意思是 “精神,心灵” ,引申可作 “灵魂;勇气;骨气;活力;纯酒精” 解, 是不可数名词;作“情绪,心情”解时,多用于复数形式。 New words Learn some new words! breathe sunburned ourselves climber be used to risk take risks accident v. 呼吸 adj. 晒伤的 pron. 我们自己 n. 登山者;攀登者 习惯于… n. 风险;冒险 冒险 n. 事故;意外遭遇 New words Let's read together! situation rock run out (of) knife cut off blood mean get out of n. 情况;状况 n. 岩石 用尽;耗尽 n. 刀 切除 n. 血 v. 意思是;打算 离开;从…出来 New words Let's read together! importance decision control be in control of spirit death give up nurse n. 重要性;重要 n. 决定;抉择 n.&v. 限制;管理 掌管;管理 n. 勇气;意志 n. 死;死亡 放弃 n. 护士 New words Let's read together! What are the sports below? soccer playing swimming mountain climbing Warm up Free talk What accidents or problems can happen when we do sports? fall down hit by a ball have problems breathing get sunburned cut ourselves hurt our leg or arm Accidents or problems can sometimes happen when we do sports. Write the letter of each sport next to each accident or problem that can happen. A = soccer B = mountain climbing C = swimming _____ fall down _____ have problems breathing _____ get hit by a ball _____ get sunburned _____ cut ourselves _____ hurt our back or arm B C A B C A B A A B C A B Presentation Writing Do you like climbing mountains? Have you ever climbed mountains? Did any accidents happen during your climbing? What did you do to overcome it? Warm up Free talk exciting relaxing dangerous take risks lose your life What do you think of mountain climbing? Discussion Warm up Do you know Aron Ralston? He is a mountain climber. What accidents happened during his climbing? Now let’s read the passage. Look at the man, who is he? Aron Ralston He Lost His Arm But Is Still Climbing. Lead-in 视 频 《127小时》真实事件改编 Listen and fill in the blanks. Aron Ralston is an American mountain _______. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because ____ accident. On April 26, 2003, He found himself in a very dangerous ________ when climbing in Utah. On that day, Aron’s arm was caught under a 360-kilo rock that fell on him when he was climbing by _______ in the mountains. Because he could not free his arm, he stayed there for five days and hoped that ________would find him. But when his water ran ____, he knew that he would have to do something to _______ his own life. He was not ready to die that day. So he used his knife to _____ off half his right arm. Then, with his left arm, he bandaged himself so ____ he would not lose too much _____. After that, he climbed down the mountain to find help. His love for mountain climbing is ___ great that he kept on ________ mountains even after this experience. climber of situation himself someone out save cut that blood so climbing Listening Listening A. Climbing mountains and have fun. B. A climber's unusual story What is the passage mainly about? Reading skill 1: The title(标题)and the picture are very important. He Lost His Arm But Is Still Climbing Fast reading Reading What is the main idea of each paragraph? Para 4 Para 3 Para 2 Para 1 Aron Ralston’s love for mountain climbing. 2. What does his spirit bring to us. 3. Aron Ralston lost his arm in a dangerous situation in 2003. 4. Aron Ralston wrote a book to share his experience. Fast reading Reading Reading skill 2: The first sentence may help you. Read Para.1 and fill in the blanks. Personal information Aron Ralston(阿伦·罗斯顿) America(美国) mountain climbing(爬山) Aron is used to __________. There were many times when Aron almost __________ because of _________. taking risks lost his life accidents Experience Hobby Country Name Reading Careful reading 1. When did the accident happen? 2. Where did the accident happen? It happened on April 26, 2003. It happened in Utah. Read Para.1 again and answer the questions. Careful reading Reading Utah Read para.2 and fill in the blanks. on April 26, 2003 in Utah situation 1 He couldn’t _____ his arm. He ______ there for ____ days and hoped someone would ______ him. situation 2 His water _____ _____. decision 2 He would do something to _____ his own life. First he used his ______ to cut off half his right arm. Then he __________ himself with his left arm. After that he _______ down the mountain to find help. When Where What How free stayed five find ran out save knife bandaged climbed decision 1 Careful reading Reading stayed cut off water run out Read para.2 again and put the pictures in order. climbed down bandaged was caught 1 2 3 4 5 6 Careful reading Reading Reading skill 3: Finding the order of the events will help you understand what you are reading. Read Para. 3 again and answer the questions. 1. What did Aron do after losing his arm? He wrote a book called Between a Rock and a Hard Place. 2. What does “between a rock and a hard place” mean? This means being in a difficult situation that you can’t seem to get out of. 3. In his book, what does Aron tell? He tells of the importance of making good decisions and being in control of one’s life. 4. Did Aron keep on climbing mountains? Yes, he did. Careful reading Reading Read Para. 4 again and answer the question. What is Aron’s spirit ? Aron is a strong man who can make a good decision . I am a strong man, I’m not ready to die! Hold on his dreams Never give up. Make good decisions Be in control of one’s life Careful reading Reading or a rock a hard place give up studying English keep on studying English What’s your decision? What should you do? Discussion Take control of your life, keep positive to face life. 掌握你的人生,积极面对生活。 the Spirit of Aron Read the passage and underline the words you don't know. Then look up the words in a dictionary and write down their meanings. Words Meanings Reading Careful reading Reading skill 4: Look up the dictionary to help you understand the text. Read the statements and circle True, False or Don’t Know. 1. Aron almost lost his life three times because of climbing accidents. True False Don’t know 2. Aron had a serious accident in April 2003. True False Don’t know 3. Aron ran out of water after three days. True False Don’t know 4. Aron wrote his book before his serious accident. True False Don’t know 5. Aron still goes mountain climbing. True False Don’t know Careful reading 1. Where did the accident happen on April 26, 2003? 2. Why couldn’t Aron move? 3. How did Aron free himself? 4. What did Aron do after the accident? 5. What does “between a rock and a hard place” mean? Read the passage again and answer the questions. It happened in Utah, America. Because a rock fell on his right arm and trapped it . He used his knife to cut off half his right arm. He wrote a book and continues to climb mountains. It means being in a difficult situation in which all of the choices are bad. Careful reading ____ On April 26, 2003, he had a serious mountain climbing accident. ____ Aron loves mountain climbing and doesn’t mind taking risks. ____ Aron did not give up after the accident and keeps on climbing mountains today. ____ He wrote a book about his experience. ____ Aron lost half his right arm from the 2003 accident. Put the sentences in the correct order. Then use them to tell Aron's story to your partner. Try to add other details from the reading. 2 1 5 4 3 Careful reading Finding the Order of Events Writers describe events in a certain order. Finding the order of the events will help you understand what you are reading. Role play the interview ( IN=Interviewer AR=Aron Ralston ) IN: Today, we are glad to have Aron Ralston here. Thank you for your coming. AR: _______________. IN: What do you think of mountain climbing? AR: I think it is ___________. IN: You once had a serious accident, didn’t you? AR: Yes, I lost _________________. But luckily, I didn’t lose my ______. IN: When and where did the accident happen? AR: It happened _______________________. IN: Why couldn’t you move then? AR: Because a _____________ fell on and I couldn’t _____my arm. IN: How did you free yourself? AR: I used my knife to _______half my right arm. and then ________ myself with my left arm. Finally, I climbed down to find help. IN: You book Between a Rock and a ……. You're welcome interesting half my right arm life in Utah on April 26,2003 360-kilos rock free cut off bandaged He Lost His Arm But Is Still Climbing Aron Ralston is an American man who is interested in mountain climbing. As a mountain climber, Aron is used to taking risks. This is one of the exciting things about doing dangerous sports. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because of accidents. On April 26,2003,he found himself in a very dangerous situation when climbing in Utah. 对...感兴趣 习惯于 冒险 失去生命 处于危险的境地 课文解读 On that day,Aron’s arm was caught under a 360-kilo rock that fell on him when he was climbing by himself in the mountains. Because he could not free his arm,he stayed there for five days and hoped that someone would find him. But when his water ran out, he knew that he would have to do something to save his own life. He was not ready to die that day. So he used his knife to cut off half his right arm. Then, with his left arm, he bandaged himself so that he would not lose too much blood. After that, he climbed down the mountain to find help. 被卡住,被夹住,被钩住 单独地,独自地 用光,耗尽 挽救生命 准备干某事乐意干某事 切断,砍断 以便,为的是 课文解读 After losing his arm,he wrote a book called Between a Rock and a Hard Place. This means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of. In this book,Aron tells of the importance of making good decisions , and of being in control of one's life. His love for mountain climbing is so great that he kept on climbing mountains even after this experience. Do we have the same spirit as Aron? Let’s think about it before we find ourselves “between a rock and a hard place”,and before we have to make a decision that could mean life or death. 逃避,摆脱 控制,管理 做决定 继续/坚持做某事 和...一样的.... 课文解读 Language points 1. Aron is used to taking risks. 1) be used to 意为“习惯于”,其中to是介词,其后要接名词或V-ing形式。 他习惯步行上学。 He is used to walking to school. 【区别】 used to do sth. 意为“过去常常做某事”。 I used to live in London. 我过去一直住在伦敦。 2) risk的用法与搭配 ① 作动词讲,为及物动词,表示“冒…的危险,使...遭受危险” ,其后接名词、代词或动名词作宾语,不能用不定式。如: Don't risk your health. 不要拿你的健康冒险。 They risked losing everything. 他们冒失去一切的危险。 Language points ② 作名词讲,表示“危险,风险,投资报酬的风险” ,注意以下用法: a) 要表示冒危险, 通常与动词run/take搭配。 You are taking a big risk driving so fast. 你开车这样快是在冒很大危险。 b) 表示“……的危险”, 其后通常不接不定式,而接 of doing sth。如: A lot of people run the risk of being killed. 许多人冒着被杀害的危险。 Language points Language points ③ 注意以下习语的用法: a) at risk 在危险中,在危急时 The disease is spreading, so don't put your life at risk. 疫情正在扩散,请勿将您的生命处于危险之中。 b) at one’s own risk 由自己负责,自担风险 Smoking is bad for health, people do so at their own risk. 吸烟有害健康,市民自己承担风险。 c) at the risk of... 冒……的危险 He saved my life at the risk of losing his own.? 他冒着生命危险救了我的性命。 2. There were many times when Aron almost lost his life because of accidents. 1) 在此when引导定语从句, 修饰前面的名词times。 I think of the happy days when I stayed there. 我想起待在那儿时的快乐日子。 2) lose one's life “失去...的生命” Many people lost their lives in the war. 很多人在战争中牺牲了。 Language points 3. But when his water ran out … run out & run out of ◆ run out表示“(某物)用完,不多了”,相当于不及物动词,后面不能接宾语。如: Last week, my money ran out. ◆ run out of表示“用完(某物)”,相当于及物动词,后面需加宾语。如: We ran out of milk and bread yesterday. Language points 【运用】 根据语境,用run out 或run out of的适当形式填空。 (1) —Have you got any water? —No, it ________ just now. (2) She __________ time and didn’t finish the last question. ran out ran out of Language points Language points 4. between a rock and a hard place. 英语中的一个固定习语,表示在艰难或危险的处境下“从两难中进行选择”。意为“左右为难;进退两难”。 Poor Jim, recently he's been stuck between a rock and a hard place. 可怜的吉姆,他最近处在一个两难的抉择里。 We often find that we are between a rock and a hard place. 我们经常发现我们处于进退两难的境地。 Language points 5. This means being in a difficult situation that you cannot seem to get out of. 1) mean “意思是; 本意是, 原意为; 意欲; 意味着”。 e.g. What does this word mean? 这个单词是什么意思? What do you mean? 你的意思是什么? Sorry, I'm late. But I had meant to be early. 对不起,我迟到了,但我本来是想早来的。 What does he mean to do?他想干什么? 【区别】 1. mean doing sth. “意味着(必须要做某事或导致某种 结果)”,其主语通常是物。例如: Success means working hard. 成功意味着工作努力。 2. mean to do sth. “打算或企图做某事”, 其主语通常是人,其过去完成式表示“本来打算做某事”。  What do you mean to do with it? 你打算把它怎样处理?  He had meant to leave on Sunday, but has stayed on. 他本来想星期天走的,但又留了下来。 Language points 2) get out of … ① 走出,从…出来 He got out of the taxi. 他从计程车中出来。 ② 从…取出;从…除掉: Can you get this nail out of the wood? 你能把这枚钉子从木头里拔出来吗? ③ 从…离开,从…逃脱: They heard that the lion had got out of its cage. ④ 戒掉,摆脱,逃避 How can I get out of the habit of smoking? 我如何才能戒掉抽烟的习惯呢? Language points 6. Aron tells of the importance of making good decisions, and of being in control of one's life. 1) tell of ... “讲述,述说;谈及,提到” The story tells of the life of a famous poet. 这故事讲的是一个著名诗人的生平。 2) the importance of (doing) sth. (做)某事的重要性 Doctors know the importance of health. 医生知道健康的重要性。 3) make a decision = decide 作出决定 Think over the matter and then make a decision. 这件事情斟酌斟酌再定。 Language points Language points 4) be in control of 意思为 “控制;管理;掌握 ” , 表达主动含义,因此主语一般为人,是“控制”的施动者。 He is in control of the store. 他管理着这家商店。 in the control of 意思为 “受制于 ; 在…控制下 ; 被…控制”, 表达被动含义,因此句子主语一般为物, 是“控制”的对象。 The city is in the control of our army. 那座城市现处于我军的控制之下。 7. His love for... is so great that he kept on climbing mountains even after this experience. 1) so...that... “如此…以致于…”,常引导结果状语从句。其中so是副词,常可用来修饰形容词或副词。 他太小了无法照顾自己。 He is so young that he can't look after himself. 2) keep on doing sth. “继续/反复做某事” She kept on working although she was tired . 她虽疲劳但仍继续工作。 Language points 根据所给汉语提示,写出所缺单词或短语。 1. I think I am going to be _____?(生病的). 2. Two old ______?(刀) are on the table in the kitchen. 3. Ms. Rice tells her little son the red traffic light ______?(意思是) “stop”. 4. I ___________ (习惯) eating eggs for breakfast. 5. You don’t have to _________(冒险) because of this. sick knives means am used to take risks Exercise Exercise 1. I ___________ walking to school. 2. I want to help Lily to _________ this big trouble. 3. He ______________ his nose to spite his face . 4. My grandma ______________ this company. 5. Don’t _______. You’ll do it better next time. 6. If you don't _________ , you can't make a game. 7. Sam has _________ every penny to help the poor. be used to, take a risk, run out of, cut off, get out of, be in control of, give up 从方框内选择正确的短语,用其正确形式填空。 am used to get out of was cutting off is in control of give up take a risk run out of Exercise Exercise 1. Aron is _________ (interest) in mountain climbing. 2. I am used to (get) up early now. 3. This is one of the exciting _______ (thing) about doing dangerous sports. 4. He knew that he would have to do something ________ (save) his own life. 5. Aron tells of the _ (important) of making good decisions. interested getting things to save importance Exercise Exercise 用所给单词的适当形式填空。 Homework In our daily life, there are many people have the same spirit as Aron. Please introduce one of them and write a short story. 谢谢 21世纪教育网(www.21cnjy.com) 中小学教育资源网站 有大把高质量资料?一线教师?一线教研员? 欢迎加入21世纪教育网教师合作团队!!月薪过万不是梦!! 详情请看: https://www.21cnjy.com/help/help_extract.php
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